(CET-3 Reading Comprehension Supplementary Materials)
Passage 1 Television has opened windows in everybody‘s life. Young men will never again go to war as they did in 1914. Millions of people now have seen the effects of a battle. And the result has been a general dislike of war, and perhaps more interest in helping those who suffer from all the terrible things that have been shown on the screen. Television has also changed politics. The most distant areas can now follow state affairs, see and hear the politicians before an election. Better informed, people are more likely to vote, and so to make their opinion count. Unfortunately, television‘s influence has been extremely harmful to the young. Children do not have enough experience to realize that TV shows present an unreal world; that TV advertisements lie to sell products that are sometimes bad or useless. They believe that the violence they see is normal and acceptable. All educators agree that the ―television generations‖ are more violent than their parents and grandparents. Also, the young are less patient. Used to TV shows, where everything is quick and interesting, they do not have the patience to read an article without pictures; to read a book that requires thinking; to listen to a teacher who doesn‘t do funny things like the people on children‘s programs. And they expect all problems to be solved 1. In the past, many young people ______. A. knew the effects of war B. went in for politics C. liked to save the wounded in wars D. were willing to be soldiers 2. Now with TV people can _____. A. discuss politics at an information center B. show more interest in politics C. make their own decisions on political affairs D. express their opinions freely 3. The author thinks that TV advertisements _____. A. are not reliable on the whole B. are useless to people C. are a good guide to adults D. are very harmful to the young 4. Which is NOT true according to the passage? A. People have become used to crimes now. B. With a TV set some problems can be solved quickly. C. People now like to read books with pictures. D. The adults are less violent than the young. happily in ten, fifteen, or thirty minutes. That‘s the time it takes on the screen.
5. From the passage, we can conclude that _____. A. children should keep away from TV B.TV programs should be improved C. children‘s books should have pictures D. TV has a deep influence on the young
Genuine warmth or interest, shyness or confidence can often be seen in the eyes. We do not always consider a smile to be a sign of friendliness. Someone who is always smiling, and with little apparent reasons, often makes us uneasy.
6. According to the passage, nonverbal communication _____. Passage 2 Nonverbal (非语言的) communication has to do with gestures, movements and closeness of two people when they are talking. The scientists say that those gestures, movements and so on have meaning which words do not carry. For example, the body distance between two speakers can be important. North Americans often complain that South Americans are unfriendly because they tend to stand close to the North American when speaking, while the South American often considers the North American to be ―cold‖ or ―distant‖ because he keeps a greater distance between himself and the person he is speaking to . The ―eye contact‖ provides another example of what we are calling nonverbal communication. Scientists have observed that there is more eye contact between people who like each other than there is between people who don‘t like each other. The length of time that the person whom you are speaking to looks at your eyes indicates the amount of interest he has in the things you are talking about. On the other hand, too long a gaze can make people uncomfortable. The eyes apparently play a great part in nonverbal communication. A. is a method often used by people who cannot speak B. can tell something that words cannot C. can be used to talk with people who cannot bear D. is less used than words 7. The South American _____. A. tends to keep a distance between himself and the person he is speaking to B. usually stands close to the person he is talking to C. is often unfriendly when spoken to D. is often cold and distant when speaking 8. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Less eye contact suggests distance in relation. B. The longer one looks at you, the more interest he has in you. C. There is more eye contact between people who like each other. D. Shorter eye contact shows more interest in what one is talking about. 9. Too long a gaze _____. A. may upset people being looked at B. shows one‘s great confidence
C. indicates one‘s interest in the talk D. tells you how friendly one is 10. Constant smiling without apparent reason _____. A. is a sign of one‘s friendliness B. is a sign of one‘s unfriendliness C. makes people feel happy D. makes people feel uncomfortable
up with competitive ideas, and obviously quite a few as criminals, but it is not fair to say that the educational system fails. It probably does succeed in making most people sociable and ready to help one another both in material ways and through kindness and friendliness.
11. According to the passage, the U.S. elementary education is supposed to make children _____. A. sensible and sensitive
Passage 3 In the United States elementary education begins at the age of six. At this stage nearly all the teachers are women, mostly married. The atmosphere is usually very friendly , and the teachers have now accepted the idea that the important thing is to make the children happy and interested. The old authoritarian (要绝对服从的) methods of education were discredited (不被认可) rather a long time ago--so much so that many people now think that they have gone too far in the direction of trying to make children happy and interested rather than giving them actual instruction. The social education of young children tries to make them accept the idea that human beings in a society need to work together for their common good. So the emphasis is on co-operation rather than competition throughout most of this process. This may seem curious, in view of the fact that American society is highly competitive; however, the need for making people sociable in this sense has come to be regarded as one of the functions of education. Most Americans do grow
B. competitive and interested C. curious and friendly D. happy and co-operative 12. Some Americans complain about elementary schools because they think _____. A. children are reluctant to help each other B. schools lay too much emphasis on co-operation C. children should grow up with competitive ideas D. schools give little actual instruction to children 13. The author‘s attitude towards American education can be best described as _____. A. favorable C. tolerant B. negative D. unfriendly
14. The American educational system emphasizes _____. A. material wealth B. competition C. co-operation D. personal benefit
15. The word ―sociable‖ (Line 7, Paragraph2) most probably means _____. A. fond of talking freely B. friendly with other people C. concerned about social welfare D. happy at school Passage 4 In the United States, 30 percent of the adult population has a ―weight problem‖. To many people, the cause is obvious: they eat too much. But scientific evidence does little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically, walked more, used machines much less and didn‘t watch television. Several modern studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3,545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people. Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts: The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost. The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate. Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat. 16. The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that ________. A. they are too slim B. they work too hard C. they are too fat D. they lose too much body fat 17． According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, _______ people will have a ―weight problem.‖ A. 30 B. 50 C. 100 D. 150 18. Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a ― weight problem?‖ A. Yes, there is plenty of evidence. B. Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true. C. There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this. D. We don‘t know because the information is not given. 19. In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s_______. A. ate more food and had more physical activities B. ate less food but had more activities C. ate less food and had less physical exercise D. had more weight problems 20. Modern scientific researches have reported to us that ________. A. fat people eat less food and are less active B. fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active C. fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active
D. thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake Passage 5 By adopting a few simple techniques, parents who read to their children can greatly increase their children‘s language development. It is surprising but true. How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children‘s language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child‘s language skills increase. A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, ―What is the doggie doing?‖ rather than ―Is the doggie running away?‖ The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers. At the beginning of the study, the children did not differ in measures of language development, but at the end of one month, the children in the experimental group showed 5. 5 months ahead of the control group on a test of verbal expression and vocabulary. Nine months later, the children in the experimental group still showed an advance of 6 months over the children in the control group.
A. Children who talk a lot are more intelligent. B. Parents who listen to their children can teach them more. C. Active children should read more and be given more attention. D. Verbal ability can easily be developed with proper methods. 22. What does ―it‖ in line 2 can most probably be replaced by? A. Parents increasing children‘s language development B. Reading techniques being simple C. Parents reading to children D. Children‘s intelligence development 23. According to the author, which of the following questions is the best type to ask children about? A. Do you see the elephant? B. Is the elephant in the cage? C. What animals do you like? D. Shall we go to the zoo? 24. The difference between the control group and the experimental group was _______. A. the training that parents received B. the age of the children C. the books that were read D. the number of the children 25. The best conclusion we can draw from the passage is that _______. A. parents should be trained to read to their children B. the more children read, the more intelligent they will become C. children‘s language skills increase when they are required to
21. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
D. children who read actively seem six months older
A. The need for labor helped the invention of machinery in America B. The farmer rejected Charles Newbolt‘s plow for fear of ruin of their fields. C. Both Europe and America had great need for farm machinery . D. It was in Indiana that the first chilled-steel plow was produced. 28. The passage is mainly about _____. A. the agriculture revolution B. the invention of labor –saving machinery C. the development of scientific agriculture D. the farming machinery in America 29. At the opening of the nineteenth century, farmers in America_____. A. preferred light tools B. were extremely self-reliant(自给的) C. had many tools D. had very few tools 30. It is implied but not stated in the passage that_____. A. there was a shortage of workers on American farms B. the most important of the early invention was the iron plow C. after 1869, many people devoted their attention to the plow D. Charles Newbolt had made a fortune by his cast-iron plow
Passage 6 The agriculture revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things: the invention of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture. Labor-saving machinery naturally appeared first where labor was scarce. ―In Europe‖, said Thomas Jefferson, ―the object is to make the most of their land, labor being sufficient; here it is to make the most of our labor, land being abundant.‖ It was in America, therefore, that the great advances in nineteenth century agricultural machinery first came. At the opening of the century, with the exception of a crude (粗糙的) plow, farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural tools on their backs. By 1860, most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form. The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow. As early as 1890 Charles Newbolt of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent his entire fortune in introducing his invention. The farmers, However, would home none of it, claiming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow. Nevertheless, many people devoted their attention to the plow, until in 1869,James Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, turned out the first chilled steel plow. 26. The word ―here‖(Para,1,Line 5) refers to ______. A. Europe B. America C. New Jersey D. Indiana 27. Which of the following statement is NOT true?
sights to a fifth level of needs as their income increases, or will they Passage 7 Human needs seem endless. When a hungry man gets a meal, he begins to think about an overcoat, when a manager gets a new sports car, a big house and pleasure boats dance into view. The many needs of mankind might be regarded as making up several levels. When there is money enough to satisfy one level of needs, another level appears. The first and most basic level of needs involves food. Once this level is satisfied, the second level of needs, clothing and some sort of shelter, appears. By the end of World War II, these needs were satisfied for a great majority of Americans. Then a third level appeared. It included such items as automobiles and new houses. By 1957 or 1958 this third level of needs was fairly well satisfied. Then, in the late 1950s,a fourth level of needs appeared: the ―life-enriching‖ level. While the other levels involve physical satisfaction, that is, the feeding, comfort, safety, and transportation, this level stresses mental needs for recognition, achievement, and happiness. It includes a variety of goods and services, many of which could be called ―luxury‖ items. Among them are vacation trips, the best medical and dental care, and recreation. Also included here are fancy goods and the latest styles in clothing. On the fourth level, a lot of money is spent on services, while on the first three levels more is spent on goods. Will consumers raise their 31. According to the passage, man will begin to think about such needs as housing and clothing only when＿＿. A. he has saved up enough money B. he has grown dissatisfied with his simple shelter C. he has satisfied his hunger D. he has learned to build houses 32. It can be inferred from the passage that by the end of World War II, most Americans＿＿. A. were very rich B. lived in poverty C. had the good things on the first three levels D. did not own automobiles 33. Which of the following is NOT related to ―physical satisfaction‖? A. A successful career C. A good meal B. A comfortable home D.A family car continue to demand luxuries and personal services on the fourth level? A fifth level would probably involve needs that can be achieved best by community action. Consumers may be spending more on taxes to pay for government action against disease, ignorance, crime, and prejudice. After filling our stomachs, our clothes closets, our garages, our teeth, and our minds, we now may seek to ensure the health, safety, and leisure to enjoy more fully the good things on the first four levels.
34. What is the main concern of man on the fourth level? A. The more goods the better. B. The more mental satisfaction the better. C. The more ―luxury‖ items the better. D. The more earnings the better. 35. The author tends to think that the fifth level＿＿. A. would be little better than the fourth level B. may be a lot more desirable than the first four C. can be the last and most satisfying level D. will become attainable before the government takes actions
intelligent person, even if he is very young, has a special outlook on life, a special feeling about life, and knows how he fits into it. If you look at children, you‘ll see great difference between what we call ―bright‖ children and ―not-bright‖ children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life --- he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But, the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream-world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general.
36. According to this passage, intelligence is＿＿. Passage 8 When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new or upsetting situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do . For instance, when in a new situation, an intelligent person thinks about the situation, not about himself or what might happen to him. He tries to find out all he can, and then he acts immediately and tries to do something about it. He probably isn‘t sure how it will all work out, but at least he tries. And, if he can‘t make things work out right, he doesn‘t feel ashamed that he failed; he just tries to learn from his mistakes. An A. the ability to study well B. the ability to do well in school C. the ability to deal with life D. the ability to get high scores on some tests 37. In a new situation, an intelligent person＿＿. A. knows more about what might happen to him B. is sure of the result he will get C. concentrates on what to do about the situation D. cares more about himself 38. If an intelligent person failed, he would＿＿. A. try not to feel ashamed B. learnform his experiences C. try to regret as much as possible
D. make sure what result he would get 39. Bright children and not-bright children＿＿. A. are two different types of children B. are different mainly in their degree of cleverness C. have difference only in their way of thinking D. have different knowledge about the world 40. The author of this passage will probably continue to talk about ＿＿. A. how to determine what intelligence is B. how education should be found C. how to solve practical problems D. how an unintelligent person should be taught
afraid or he has just got a very big shock.However, ―he opened his eyes wide‖ is used to suggest anger in Chinese whereas in English it means surprise. In Chinese ―surprise‖ can be described in a phrase like ?they stretched out their tongues!‘ Sticking out your tongue in English is an insulting gesture or expresses strong dislike. Even in the same culture, people differ in ability to understand and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness on people‘s faces. Other studies show that older people usually find it easier to recognize or understand body language than younger people do.
41. According to the passage,＿＿. Passage 9 We use both words and gestures to express our feelings, but the problem is that these words and gestures can be understood in different ways. It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of striking similarities in the way different animals show the same feelings. Dogs, tigers and humans, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because they are born with those behavior patterns. Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. In Chinese and in English literature, a phrase like ―he went pale and began to tremble‖ suggests that the man is either very ＿. A. people of different ages may have different understanding B. people have different cultures A. we can hardly understand what people‘s gestures mean B. we can not often be sure what people mean when they describe their feelings in words or gestures C. words can be better understood by older people D. gestures can be understood by most of the people while words can not 42. People‘s facial expressions may be misunderstood because＿
C. people of different sex may understand a gesture in a different way D. people of different countries speak different languages 43. In the same culture＿＿. A. people have different ability to understand and express feelings B. people have the same understanding of something C. people never fail to understand each other D. people are equally intelligent 44. From this passage, we can conclude＿＿. A. words are used as frequently as gestures B. words are often found difficult to understand C. words and gestures are both used in expressing feelings D. gestures are more efficiently used than words 45. The best title for this passage may be＿＿. A. Words and Feelings B. Words, Gestures and Feelings C. Gestures and Feelings D. Culture and Understanding
philosopher, ―As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one lives.‖ A culture and its language are as necessary as brain and body: while one is a part of the other, neither can function without the other. In learning a foreign language, the best beginning would be starting with the non-language elements of the language: its gestures, its body language, etc. Eye contact is extremely important in English. Direct eye contact leads to understanding, or, as the English saying goes, seeing eye-to-eye. We can never see eye-to-eye with a native speaker of English until we have learned to look directly into his eyes.
46. The best title for this passage is ____. A. Organs of Culture B. Brain And Body C. Looking into His Eyes D. Language And Culture 47. According to this passage, the best way to learn a foreign language is ____. A. to read the works of poets and philosophers B. to find a native speaker and look directly into his eyes
Passage 10 Languages are remarkably complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture. They contain the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating within their respective culture. To learn a foreign language is to learn another culture. In the words of a poet and
C. to begin by learning its body language D. to visit a country where you can study 48. According to this passage, gestures are ____. A. spoken words B. a non-language element C. pictures in a language D. written language
49. ―As many languages as one speaks, so many lives …‖ means ____. A. if one learns many foreign languages, one will have a better understanding of his own language B. life is richer and more interesting if one knows several languages C. no matter how many languages one knows, one can never know more than one‘s own culture D. if a person speaks only one language, he will live a very happy life 50. Which of the following doesn‘t share the same meaning with the others? A. signs B. gestures C. efficient D. body language
middle-age. Thirty is promoted over 50, but 30 knows that soon his time to be overtaken wi1l come. We are the first society in which parents expect to learn from their children. Such a topsy-turvy (颠倒) situation has come about at least in part because, unlike the rest of the world, ours is an immigrant society, and for immigrants the on1y hope is in the kids. In the old Country, that is, Europe, hope was in the father, and how much wealth he could accumulate and pass along to his children. In the growth pattern of America and its ever-expanding frontier, the young man was ever advised to GO WEST; the father was ever inheriting from his son. Kids' Country may be the inevitable result. Kids' Country is not all bad. America is the greatest country in the wor1d to grow up in because it is Kids' Country. We not on1y wear kids' clothes and eat kids' food; we dream kids' dreams and make them come true. It was, after all, a boys' game to go to the moon.
Passage 11 Children are a re1atively modern invention. Until a few hundred years ago they did not exist. In medieval and Renaissance painting you see pint---sized men and women, wearing grown-up clothes and grown-up expressions, performing grown-up tasks. Children did not exist because the family as we know it had not evolved. Children today not only exist; they have taken over, in no place more than in America, and at not time more than now. It is always Kids‘ Country here. Our civi1ization is child-centered, child-obsessed. A kid's body is our physical ideal. In Kids' Country we do not permit
If in the old days children did not exist, it seems equally true today that adults, as a class, have begun to disappear, condemning all of us to remain boys and girls forever, jogging and doing push-ups (俯卧撑) against eternity.
51. The author uses the example of the Renaissance painting to show that _____. A) adu1ts showed less concern for children than we do now B) adults were smaller and thinner at that time, but they still had lots of work to do
C) children looked and acted like adults at that time D) children were not permitted to appear in family paintings at that time 52. In the third paragraph, the Old Country is contrasted with America _______. A) to show differences in family size B) to show differences in attitudes towards family relations C) to show two kinds of geography D) to show two different kinds of economic relations between generations 53. Going to the moon is an example of ________. A) America's dreams and creativity B) America's childish and queer behavior C) why America hasn't grown up D) why America is considered the greatest country in the world 54. According to the passage, which of the following is true? A).It is very difficult for the middle-aged to live in America. B).America is Kids‘ Country because the majority of the American population are children. C). Kid‘s Country was taking shape in America when immigrants poured into the country. D).America is more of Kid‘ Country than any other countries in the world. 55. By saying ―condemning all of us to remain boys and girls forever, jogging and doing push-ups against eternity‖, the author means that
______. A). she thinks people shouldn‘t be so concerned about physical fitness B).she feels too old and tired to do such hard exercise C).American society is overemphasizing youth and physical appearance D).What happened to children centuries ago may occur to adults in America soon
Passage 12 The basic flag of the United States is one of the world's oldest national flags. Only the basic flags of Austria, Denmark, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland are older. During the discovery and settlement of what is now the United States the flags of various European nations were flown over the land, as symbols of possession. Later, in the colonial and Revolutionary War periods, flags representing famous persons, places, and events were flown in the American Colonies. The first official flag of the United States was created by Congress on June 14, 1777. It consisted of 13 alternate red and white stripes and 13 white stars in a field of blue, representing the 13 colonies that had declared their independence in 1776. Congress adopted a new flag of 15 stars and 15 stripes in 1795, to give representation to the two new states admitted into the Union, Vermont and Kentucky. By 1817, there were 20 states in the Union, and it became apparent
that adding one stripe for each new state would destroy the shape of the flag. As a result, Congress in 1818 restored the original design of 13 stripes and provided that each state was to be represented by one star. In 1912 President William H Taft made the first official provision for the arrangement of the stars. He ordered that there be six even rows of eight stars each. Previously the arrangement of the stars had been left to the flagmaker's desire. The evolution on the stars and stripes reflects the growth of the United States. After the admission of Hawaii into the Union in 1959, the flag was officially changed for the 26th time since its creation. There arc many government flags flown in the United States in addition to the national flag. Among them are the president's and vice-president's flags and those of the federal departments and some federal agencies.
58. Where the stars were placed on the national flag in 1818 was decided by . B) the president C) the government D) the
A) Congress flagmaker
59. How many states entered the Union between 1818 and 1912? A) 30 B) 28 C) 13 D) 8
60. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A) Before 1959 the flag had been changed 25 times. B) Each federal department has its own official flag. C) The national flag of the U. S. had 26 stars on it after admission of Hawaii into the Union in 1959. D) By 1912, there had been 48 states in the Union. Passage 13
56. Why were only the flags of various European nations flown over the land during the discovery and settlement period? A) Because the flags were older than the national flag of the U. S. B) Because the land was divided by these nations. C) Because there was no universal flag over the land. D) We don't know from the passage. 57. The first national flags of the United States . A) represented the 13 colonies which won independence in 1776 B) were flown in American colonies in 1776 C) were flown in American colonies in 1795 D) gave representation to Congress
Every animal is a living radiator —— heat formed in its cells is given off through its skin. Warm blooded animals maintain a steady temperature by constantly replacing lost surface heat; smaller animals, which have more skin for every ounce of body weight, must produce heat faster than bigger ones, Because smaller animals burn fuel faster, scientists say they live faster. The speed at which an animal lives is determined by measuring the rate at which it uses oxygen. A chicken, for example, uses one half cubic centimeter of oxygen every hour for each gram it weighs. The tiny shrew uses four cubic centimeters of oxygen every hour for each gram
it weighs. Because it uses oxygen eight times as fast, it is said that the mouse like shrew is living eight times as fast as the chicken. The smallest of the warm blooded creatures, the hummingbird, lives a hundred times as fast as an elephant. There is a limit to how small a warm blooded animal can be. A mammal or bird that weighed only two and a half grams would starve to death. It would burn up its food too rapidly and would not be able to eat fast enough to supply more fuel.
D) the amount of oxygen it uses 64. The amount of oxygen an animal uses depends on A) its body weight B) the food it eats C) its general size and shape D) the length of time it lives 65. An animal weighing less than two and a half grams would starve because it would not be able to A) get enough oxygen . .
61. The selection says that every animal is a living radiator because it . A) produces heat in its body cells B) burns fuel to produce heat C) gives off heat through its skin D) requires oxygen to produce heat 62. Small animals are said to live faster than big ones because they A) have more skin for every ounce of body weight B) replace lost heat faster C) burn fuel faster D) maintain a higher body temperature 63. The speed at which an animal lives is determined by measuring . A) the amount of food it eats B) its body temperature C) the rate at which it uses oxygen .
B) maintain its body temperature C) burn its food fast enough D) eat fast enough to supply fuel
Passage 14 Most people have had a dog or wanted one as their companion at some time in their lives. If you are thinking of buying a dog, however, you should first decide what sort of companion you need and whether the dog is likely to be happy in the surroundings you can provide. Specialists‘ advice is useful to help you choose the most suitable kind of dog. But in part the decision depends on common sense. Different dogs were originally developed to perform specific tasks. So, if you want a dog to protect you or your house, for example, you should choose the one that has the right size and characteristics. You must also be ready to devote a great deal of time to training the dog when it is young and give it the exercise it needs throughout its life, unless you live in the
countryside and can let it run freely. Dogs are demanding pets. Cats love the house and so are satisfactory with their place where there is secure, but a dog is loyal to its master and consequently wants him to show proof of his affection . The best time to buy a baby dog is when it is between 6 and 8 weeks old so that it can transfer its love for its mother to its master. If baby dogs have not established a relationship with the human being until they are over three months old, their strong relationship will always be with dogs. They are likely to be too shy when they are brought out into the world to become good pets.
D. It must be looked after carefully. 69. Why is it advised to buy a baby dog under three months old? A. It‘s easier to buy a baby dog under three months old. B. They are less likely to be shy with human beings. C. They are less likely to run away. D. It‘s easier for them to form a relationship with their masters. 70. The word ―affection‖ (line 11) means _____. A. love D. relationship B. effect C. tie
66. Which of the following is Not true according to the passage? A. You can always get help from the specialists. B. It is common sense that is the most important when choosing a dog. C. You should decide what kind of dog you want. D. Size and characteristics of the dogs should be considered too. 67. What is mentioned as a consideration in buying a dog? A. The color of the dog. B. The price of the dog. C. Whether the dog will fit the environment. D. Whether the dog will get along with the other pets in the house. 68. Why does the writer say a dog is a more demanding pet than a cat? A. It must be trained so that it won‘t bite. B. It demands more food and space. C. It needs more love and care.
Passage 15 Movies are the most popular form of entertainment for millions of Americans. They go to the movies to escape their normal everyday existence and to experience a life more exciting than their own. They may choose to see a particular film because they like the actors or because they have heard the film has a good story. But the main reason why people go to the movies is to escape. Sitting in a dark theater, watching the images on the screen, they enter another world that is real to them. They become involved in the lives of the characters in the movie, and for two hours, they forget all about their own problems. They are in a dream world where things often appear to be more romantic（浪漫的）and beautiful than in real life. The biggest ―dream factories‖ are in Hollywood, the capital of the film industry. Each year, Hollywood studios make hundreds of movies that are shown all over the world. American movies are popular because
they tell stories and they are well-made. They provide the public with heroes who do things the average person would like to do but often can‘t. People have to cope with many problems and much trouble in real life, so they feel encouraged when they see the ―good guys‖ win in the movies.
B. the characters in the movies are free to do whatever they like C. the heroes have to cope with many problems and frustrations D. good guys in the movies always win in the end 75. People enjoy seeing the movies because they _____. A. are tired of their everyday lives B. feel inspired by the heroic deeds of the good guys
71. The Americans go to the movies mainly because they want _____. A. to enjoy a good story B. to experience an exciting life C. to see the actors and actresses D. to escape their daily life 72. Which of the following is people‘s normal response to the movies they watch? A. They feel that everything on the screen is familiar to them. B. They try to turn their dreams into reality. C. They become so involved that they forget their own problems. D. They are touched by the life stories of the stories of the actors and actresses. 73. It is obvious that real life is _____. A. less romantic than that in the movies B. more romantic than that in the movies C. as romantic as that in the movies D. filled with romantic stories 74. The American movies are popular because _____. A. they are well-made and the stories are interesting
C. want to see who win in the end D. have to cope with many problems in their lives
Passage 16 Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich businessman, invited some of her friends to lunch. She was very anxious to try a new way of cooking a fish dish, and she was very pleased with herself when the dish was ready. As the dish was very hot, she put it near the open window to cool for a few minutes. However, five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was shocked to find Chester, the neighbor's cat, ate the dish.Fortunately, she was in time to stop the cat before it was too late. That afternoon was a good success and everyone enjoyed the dish very much. They talked and laughed till four o'clock. At the end of the afternoon, when she was alone again, Mrs. Wilson felt tired but happy. She was in an armchair just near the window when, through the window, she was horrified 震惊的. to see the neighbor's cat （ dead in her garden! Why, the fish dish must be bad! What would happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family doctor for advice. The
doctor told her to telephone each of the visitors to meet him at the hospital as soon as possible. Finally the danger was over. Just then the telephone rang. It was her neighbor. "Oh, Mrs. Wilson," her neighbor cried, "Chester is dead. She was killed by someone's car and put in your garden."
C. one of her friends must have killed the cat without telling her D. her own cat was also in danger 80. Mrs. Wilson didn't feel relieved（轻松的. until ________. A. the family doctor gave her some good advice B. she was told all her friends were all right C. she was telephoned the truth about the death of the cat
76. Mrs. Wilson was very pleased with herself, for ________. A. she could sing and dance with her friends B. she could see her friends again C. the fish dish looked and smelled nice D. the fish dish tasted unusually nice 77. When all her friends had left, Mrs. Wilson felt happy because ________. A. many of her friends still liked her B. many of he friends still remember her C. her friends enjoyed the dinner D. both she and her friends had a good time that afternoon. 78. Mrs. Wilson was in an armchair near the window ________. A. to have some rest B. to see her neighbor's cat D. to say good-bye to her
D. all her visitors had met doctor
Passage 17 Tokyo is one of those places that you can love and hate at the same time. In Tokyo there are always too many people in the places where I want to be. Of course there are too many cars. The Japanese drive very fast, but in Tokyo they often spend a long time in traffic jams(交通拥 挤).Tokyo is not different from London, Paris and New York in that. It is different when one wants to walk. At certain times of the day there are a lot of people on foot in London‘s Oxford Street. But the streets near the Ginze in Tokyo always have a lot of people on foot, and sometimes it is really difficult to walk. People are very polite; there are just too many of them. The worst time to be in the street is at 11:30 at night. That is when the night-clubs are closing and everybody wants to go home. There are 35 000 night-clubs in Tokyo, and you do not often see one that is empty. During the day, most people travel to and from work by train.
C. to enjoy the setting of the sun friends
79. Mrs. Wilson was terrified to see the cat dead in hr garden because she thought _______. A. her neighbor might think she had killed the cat B. the death of the cat must have been the result of eating the fish
Tokyo people buy six million train tickets every day. At most stations, trains arrive every two or three minutes, but at certain hours there do not seem to be enough trains. Although they are usually crowded, Japanese trains are very good. They always leave and arrive on time. On a London train you would see everybody reading a newspaper. In Tokyo trains everybody in a seat seems to be asleep, whether his journey is long or short. In Tokyo, I stood outside the station for five minutes. Three fire-engines(消防车) race past on the way to one of the many fires that Tokyo has every day. Tokyo has so many surprises that none of them can really surprise me now.
stations C. On a Tokyo train D. On a London train
84.Fires break out _______ in Tokyo according to the writer. A. quite frequently C. not very often B. only several times a day D. very seldom
85.Which of the following is NOT true about Tokyo? ___________. A. The streets become more crowded at 11:30 at night B. There are more trains than cars C. Fire-engines are very busy in the city D. Tokyo people are friendly Passage 18 What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If
81.Tokyo is different from London in that___________. A. it has a larger population B. there are more traffic jams C. it is more difficult to go somewhere on foot D. night clubs are sometimes empty 82.Japanese trains _____________. A. often leave and arrive on time B. are often crowded C. are the main means people use to travel to and from work D. all of the above 83.Where can you find everybody reading a newspaper?
you do, you must be an optimist(乐观者), a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy and you would rather follow than lead. If you love green, you are strong-minded and determined. You wish to succeed and want other people to see you are successful. At least this is what psychologists(心理学家)tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference(爱 好), and the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us that we don't choose our favorite color as we grow up. If you happen to love brown, you did so as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly. A yellow room makes us feel more cheerful and more
_____________. A. At most London train stations B. At most Tokyo train
comfortable than a dark green one, and a red dress rings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing(压抑). Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is a fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or dark gray. Remember, then, that if you feel low, you can always brighten your day or your life with a new shirt or a few colorful things. Remember also that you will know your friends and your enemies better when you find out what colors they like and dislike. And don't forget that anyone can guess a lot about your character when you choose a piece of handkerchief.
88. The main idea of this passage is ________. A. one's color preference shows one's character B. you can brighten your life with wonderful colors C. psychologists have been studying the meaning of color preference D. one's color preference has something to do with his character and colors have effects on human beings 89. The writer believes that in realizing the four modernizations of country, we need more people who love _______. A. yellow B. red C. green D. black
90. "I am feeling black" means ______. A. I am feeling well B. I am very happy D. I am depressed
86. According to this passage, _________. A. one can choose his color preference B. one is born with his color preference C. one's color preference is changeable D. one has to choose his favorite color as soon as he can see clearly 87. We would pay attention to colors because _______. A. colors do have effect on our moods B. colors may have effect on our work and study C. light and bright colors make people happy D. you can know your friends better by the colors they like or dislike
C. I am excited
Passage 19 The sense of sound is one of our most important means of knowing what is going on around us. Sound has a waste product, too, in the form of noise. Noise has been called unwanted sound. Noise is growing and it may get much worse before it gets any better. Scientists, for several years, have been studying how noise affects people and animals. They are surprised by what they have learned. Peace and quiet are becoming harder to find. Noise pollution is a threat that should be looked at carefully. There is a saying that it is so noisy that you can‘t hear yourself
think. Doctors who study noise believe that we must sometimes hear ourselves think. If we don‘t, we may have headaches, other aches and pains, or even worse mental problems. Noise adds more tension (紧张) to a society that already faces enough stress. But noise is not a new problem. In ancient Rome, people complained so much about noise that government stopped chariots (四 轮马车) from moving through the streets at night! Ways of making less noise are now being tested. There are even laws controlling noise. We cannot return to the ―good old days‖ of peace and quiet. But we can reduce noise — if we shout loudly enough about it.
means that ___ A) our society is becoming much worse than before B) in our modern society it is hard to lead a quiet life C) the old days were much happier than the present time D) it is impossible for us to deal with noise as we did before 94. From the last sentence of the passage we can learn that A) we can put noise under control if we take effective measures B) sometimes we have to shout loudly so that others can hear us C) shouting is the chief cause of noise pollution nowadays D) it is important to warn people of the danger of noise pollution 95. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A) Only recently did people realize the harmful effect of noise. B) Noise pollution is the worst kind of pollution we suffer from. .
91. Why are scientists surprised by the findings in their noise study? A) Because the world is becoming more and more noisy. B) Because they have learned that noise is also a kind of pollution. C) Because noise is an unwanted waste for human beings. D) Because people knew little about noise before. 92. What may happen if we cannot hear ourselves think? A) We may forget what we have thought about. B) Our thoughts may be disturbed. C) Our mind may be harmed. D) We may have difficulty finding the right words. 93. When the writer says we cannot return to the good old days, he
C) People are now trying to find ways to make noise as low as possible. D) The writer thinks that it is almost impossible for people to avoid noise.
Passage 20 An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault (断层). A fault is a fracture in the crust (地壳) of the earth along which rocks on one side have moved relative to those on the other side. Stresses in the earth's outer layer push the sides of the fault together, build up and the rocks slips suddenly, releasing energy in waves that travel through the rock to cause the shaking that we feel during an earthquake.
Earthquakes tend to be concentrated in narrow zones. There are 7 major crustal plates on earth, about 80 km thick, all in constant motion relative to one another. They move at between 10 and 130 mm per year. It is estimated that there are several million earthquakes in the world each year. Many of these earthquakes go undetected because they occur in remote areas or have very small magnitudes (震级). The USGS Earthquake Information Center locates 12,000 to 14,000 earthquakes each year (about 35 per day). On average, about 60 earthquakes per year are classified as significant, with 19 classified as major. A significant earthquake is one of magnitude 6.5 or higher or one of lesser magnitude that causes casualties (伤亡) or considerable damage. Major earthquakes have a magnitude larger than 7.0.
A) Scientists can locate most earthquakes. B) Earthquakes are very common on the earth. C) Scientists can find a way to prevent earthquakes. D) More earthquakes of higher magnitudes are detected than those of lower ones. 99. How do scientists distinguish a significant earthquake from a major earthquake? A) A significant earthquake is of higher magnitude. B) A significant earthquake can kill more people. C) A major earthquake is of higher magnitude. D) A major earthquake is of lower magnitude. 100. The word "fracture" (Line 1, Paragraph 1) most probably means _____.
96. The main idea of the passage is _____. A) how earthquakes are formed and classified B) how earthquakes can be predicted and located C) earthquakes do not so often occur on the earth D) earthquakes are considered to be a threat to humans 97. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in this passage? A) Earthquakes of large magnitudes cause casualties. B) Earthquakes often happen in narrow zones. C) Earthquakes involve the release of energy. D) Earthquakes can cause waves in the sea. 98. What can we learn from the passage?
A) a stress in the crust B) a large hole in the rock
C) an outer layer of the crust D) a cracked part in the rock
Passage 21 It was a happy combination of mountains, sea, and sun which made farming become the leading industry of the Southern Colonies (殖民地). The ocean made plentiful clouds, the clouds hitting the mountains made plentiful rain, the rain washing down the mountains for thousands of years had built a wide plain of fertile (肥沃的) soil. The rivers which had brought down the soil were steep near the mountains, but near the coast they were wide and rolling, deep enough for the small boats of the time to sail for miles. It was far enough south for the summers to be hot,
so that the growing season lasted from six months in Maryland to about nine in South Carolina. If you add these ideal farming conditions to the early discovery of a New World crop which was always in demand in the Old World, you will readily understand why the Southern Colonies became a farming group. Tobacco! This was the breath of life in Virginia, the oldest of the Southern Colonies. Men talked, thought, and bought in tobacco. It was a farming country, and other crops were also grown, but while the Southerner might have competition in the production of fruits and grains (wheat and rice and barley 大麦), in tobacco he was a master. Tobacco! It was a magic word. Everything revolved around its production and it had a tremendous effect upon life in the South.
B) The early discovery of a New World crop. C) Favorable geographical location. D) Ideal farming conditions. 104. Tobacco was said to be "a magic word" because _____. A) it brought a big profit to the Southern Colonies B) tobacco was in steady demand in the Old World C) the Southerner had competition in its production D) the Southerner's life depended on it to a great extent 105. The phrase "revolved around" can be replaced by _____. A) was only interested in B) was closely connected with C) moved in a circle around D) gradually developed into
Passage 22 101. "A New World crop" in the last sentence of the 1st paragraph most probably refers to _____. A) wheat B) rice C) tobacco D) barley Information has always been at the center of human communication. You may ask why. Well, communication between people involves giving and receiving information. The way we give and receive information today has experienced a revolution in the development of the mass media in the 20th century. The first truly mass communication medium was the newspaper. For the first time in history, people could read about events in their country and from around the world every day. However, there were two problems with newspapers of that time. Firstly, newspapers were available only in large cities, for getting newspapers to the countryside was a difficult and time-consuming task. Secondly, newspapers weren't always reliable, as there was a limited range of opinions.
102. According to this passage ideal farming conditions in the Southern Colonies mainly consisted of _____. A) a long coast and high mountains B) plentiful rain and the long growing season C) hot summers and steep mountain rivers D) plentiful clouds and deep soil 103. Which of the following was NOT a factor that makes the Southern Colonies become a farming group? A) Competition in producing fruits and grains.
Nowadays, we can choose from a wide variety of sources to get information. Television and the Internet have given us the chance to be informed about everything the minute it happens. Numerous radio and TV stations, satellite channels and millions of websites help people keep up with the latest news. People live history and are part of it. The media have come a long way in the last century and there is no doubt that we now live in the information age. Whatever type of media we choose, it all comes down to the need for information. This will always be a basic need as long as communication is part of human nature.
B) Its limitation of information sources. C) Its limited reliability of information. D) Its easy circulation in big cities. 109. The third paragraph mainly tells us that technology helps _____. A)information easily available B) people be part of history C) inform everything timely D) produce the latest news
110. It can be safely concluded from the last paragraph that a basic need today is ____. A) communication C) high-technology B) information D) media types
106. Information is considered to be the center of human communication because ____. A) human communication means information exchange B) human communication involves people's participation C) information is now experiencing a revolution D) information helps people gather together 107. What was the historical contribution of the newspaper as a source of information? A) It made the mass communication truly develop. B) It helped the mass communication develop in cities. C) It kept people timely informed about the world events. D) It kept reliable information available in big cities. 108. What was NOT the problem with the newspaper of that time? A) Its difficult delivery in the countryside.
Passage 23 For a small island Great Britain has a great length of coastline, and there is no place in the whole country which is more than three hours' journey by car from the sea. The coast is very varied, with perhaps the best parts in the south-west of England and in the west of Scotland. The coast of Devon and Cornwall, in the south-west, is much indented (向内 陆凹进), with many sheltered bays and fine rough points of land extending out into the sea. With so large a population on so small an island the best parts of the coast are inevitably rather crowded during the summer, but much of Devon and Cornwall is still unspoiled, with many picturesque (风景如画的) fishing villages. The other parts of the coast are less dramatic, being partly flat and partly steep. In the parts nearest to great centers of population big seaside-resort
( 海 滨 胜 地 ) towns have grown up. Four of these–Brighton, Bournemouth and Southend in the south, and Blackpool in the north-west–have become important towns themselves, with more than 150,000 permanent residents each, and there are other big seaside towns whose inhabitants include many retired people. Some of these places are remarkable for the great number of visitors they receive, some to stay for a week or a fortnight, some to spend a few hours on the beach before returning home in the evening.
115. How long do the visitors stay in a seaside resort? A) From several hours to two weeks. months. B) Usually less than a day. Passage 24 If women are mercilessly exploited year after year, they have only themselves to blame. Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out of fashion, they are always taken D) Seldom more than a week. C) From a few days to two
111. It will take one _____ to travel to any place of Great Britain by car from any part of the coast. A) a week C) 3 hours or less B) a fortnight D) more than 3 hours
advantage of by the designers and the big stores. Clothes which have been worn only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion. When you come to think of it, only a woman is capable of standing in front of a wardrobe packed full of clothes and announcing sadly that she has nothing to wear. Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste. Many women spend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn. Women who cannot afford to throw away clothing in this way, waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have. Skirts are lengthened or shortened; neck-lines are lowered or
112. According to the first paragraph, it is more possible for a visitor to find a scenic spot along the coast of England in _____. A) the north-east C) the north-west B) the south-west D) the south-east
113. Some parts of the coast in Great Britain are crowded during the summer probably because they _____. A) have a great number of inhabitants of visitors B) are suitable for fishing D) extend out into the sea C) attract a large number
raised, and so on. No one can claim that the fashion industry contributes anything really important to society. Fashion designers are rarely concerned with vital things like warmth, comfort and durability. They are only interested in outward appearance and they take advantage of the fact that women will
114. The coast of Devon and Cornwall can be best described as _____. A) flat all the way to the sea B)sheltered all the year round C) steep with bare rocky hills D) dramatic with beautiful scenery
put up with any amount of discomfort, as long as they look right. There can hardly be a man who hasn't at some time in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thin dress on a winter day, or delicately picking her way through deep snow in high-heeled shoes. When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion, the conclusions to be drawn are obvious. Do the constantly changing fashions of women's clothes, one wonders, reflect basic qualities of inconstancy and instability? Men are too clever to let themselves be cheated by fashion designers. Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stability and reliability? That is for you to decide.
stress on the ______ of clothing. A). cost C). comfort B). appearance D). suitability
119. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A). New fashions in clothing are created for the commercial exploitation of women. B). The constant changes in women's clothing reflect their strength of character. C). The fashion industry makes an important contribution to society.
116. Designers and big stores always make money ________. A). by mercilessly exploiting women workers in the clothing industry B). because they are capable of predicting new fashions C). by constantly changing the fashions in women's clothing D). because they attach great importance to quality in women's clothing 117. To the writer, the fact that women alter their old-fashioned dresses is seen as ____. A). a waste of money B). a waste of time C). an expression of taste D). an expression of creativity 118. The writer would be less critical if fashion designers placed more at
D). Fashion designs should not be encouraged since they are only welcomed by women. 120. By saying "the conclusions to be drawn are obvious" (Line 1-2, Para. 4) the writer means that _____________ . A). women's inconstancy in their choice of clothing is often laughed
B). women are better able to put up with discomfort C). men are also exploited greatly by fashion designers D). men are more stable and reliable in character Passage 25 People everywhere agree on what a mountain is. The fact is that definitions vary. Everyone admits, for example, that Everest is a
mountain, the highest of them all, with an altitude of almost 30,000 feet. But what about Snowdon, the loftiest peak in Wales? It rises a mere 3000 feet, yet it is also called a mountain. Comparison, a little matter of relativity, is the key. To the average person living on North America's Great Plains, Vermont's Green Mountains look lofty indeed, but to anyone from the Rocky Mountains, the Green Mountains seem nothing more than hills. Geographers generally agree that, to be a mountain topographically (在 地形学方面) , a landmass must reach an altitude of 3000 feet above the level of the sea. Mount Everest, for instance, is 30,000 feet above sea level, but only 15,000 feet above the neighboring Tibetan plateau. Geologists restrict the definition even more, maintaining that a mountain is a mountain by virtue of its geological structure. Some rugged highlands are not really mountains, while some flat, low-lying rock surfaces are true mountains. They are low now because of centuries of erosion. There are even mountains under the sea, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for example. Like all true mountains, they were originally formed by large-scale movements of the earth's crust. 121. How high a mountain looks to the average person depends on what he _______. A) compares it with C) reads about geology D) thinks of topography
123. Geographers measure mountains by comparing them with ___________. A) the surrounding land C) the level of the sea D) other mountains
B) the height to which clouds rise
124. Geologists are not primarily concerned with a mountain's ___________. A) history B) height C) structure D) formation
125. Most flat, low-lying mountains are ___________. A) very old C) exceptionally beautiful D) covered with snow
B) found in the ocean Passage 26
When a consumer finds that an item she or he bought is faulty or in some other way does not live up to the manufacturer's claim for it, the first step is to present the warranty (保单), or any other records which might help, at the store of purchase. In most cases, this action will produce results. However, if it does not, there are various means the consumer may use to gain satisfaction. A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager. In general, the "higher up" the consumer takes his or her complaint, the faster he or she can expect it to be settled. In such a case, it is usually settled in the consumer's favour, assuming he or she has a just claim.
B) knows about the climate
122. Everest is the highest mountain in ________. A) the world B) Tibet C)North America D) both A and B
Consumers should complain in person whenever possible, but if they cannot get to the place of purchase, it is acceptable to phone or write the complaint in a letter. Complaining is usually most effective when it is done politely but firmly, and especially when the consumer can demonstrate what is wrong with the item in question. If this cannot be done, the consumer will succeed best presenting specific information as to what is wrong, rather than by making general statements. For example, "The left speaker does not work at all and the sound coming out of the right one is unclear" is better than "This stereo (立体声音响) does not work.‖ The store manager may advise the consumer to write to the manufacturer. If so, the consumer should do this, stating the complaint as politely and as firmly as possible. But if a polite complaint does not achieve the desired result, the consumer can go a step further. She or he can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a private or public organization responsible for protecting consumers' rights. 126. When a consumer finds that his purchase has a fault in it, the first thing he should do is to .
C). the manufacturer
D). a public organization
128. The most effective complaint can be made by ________. A). showing the faulty item to the manufacturer B). explaining exactly what is wrong with the item C). saying firmly that the item is of poor quality D). asking politely to change the item 129. The phrase "live up to" (Line 2, Para. 1) in the context means ____ . A). meet the standard of C). realize the purpose of 130. The passage tells us B). fulfill the demands of D). keep the promise of .
A). how to settle a consumer's complaint about a faulty item B). how to make an effective complaint about a faulty item C). how to avoid buying a faulty item D). how to deal with complaints from customers Passage 27 When an art museum wants a new exhibit, it buys things in finished form and hangs them on its walls. When a natural history museum wants an exhibit, it often must bui1d it realistically---from a mass of materia1 and evidence brought together by careful research. An animal, for examp1e, must first be skinned. Photographs and measurements are used to determine the animal's structure in a natural position---fighting, resting, or feeding. Then muscle forms are built and
A). complain personally to the manager B). threaten to take the matter to court C). write a firm letter of complaint to the store of purchase D). show some written proof of the purchase to the store. 127. If a consumer wants a quick settlement of his problem, it's better to complain to___. A). a shop assistant B).a store manager
a plaster shell is made. Final1y the skin is pulled over the shell like a wet g1ove. This comp1etes the animal subject. Displaying such things as stone heads, giant trees, and meteorites is basically mechanical. Most other natural history exhibits present more difficult problems. For instance, how can a creature be exhibited when it is too small to be seen clearly? In these cases, 1arger-than-life models are bui1t. The American Museum of Natura1 History has models of fleas, houseflies, and many other insects enlarged up to seventy-four times. The mode1s show the stages of the insects' deve1opment and the workings of their bodies.
D). creatures of the sea 134. The best title for this passage is _________. A). Constructing an Animal Subject B). Prob1ems of Exhibiting Natura1 History C). Natural History D). Building a Museum Exhibit 135. Which of the following is implied? A). Nothing in a natural history museum is alive. B). Some creatures cannot be disp1ayed. C). Meteorites come from outer space. D). Natural history exhibits often must be bui1t.
131. Natural history exhibits differ from art exhibits in that they _____. A). are never borrowed B). are not displayed to the public C). often must be constructed D). do not require research 132. What is the last step when exhibiting an animal? A). to skin the animal B). to build the muscle forms C). to make a plaster shell D). to cover the shell by skin 133. The items that are most difficult to display are _____. A). objects such as meteorites B). large animals C). creatures too small to be seen clearly Passage 28 What exactly is a lie? Is it anything we say which we know is untrue? Or is it something more than that? For example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you. You say "I wish I could help you but I'm short of money myself." In fact, you are not short of money but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don't want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this really a lie? Professor Jerald Jellison of the University of Southern California has made a scientific study of lying. According to him, women are better liars than men, particularly when telling a "white lie", such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress
when she really thinks it looks awful. However, this is only one side of the story. Other researchers say that men are more likely to tell more serious lies, such as making a promise which they have no intention of fulfilling. This is the kind of 1ie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way. Research has also been done into the way people's behavior change in a number of small, apparently unimportant ways when they lie. It has been found that if they are sitting down at the time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. To the trained observer they are saying "I wish I were somewhere else certain parts of the face more often, in now." They also tend to touch particular the nose. One
not one gesture alone that gives the liar away but a whole number of things, and in particular the context in which the lie is told.
136.According to the passage, a "white lie" seems to be a lie ____. A) that other people believe B) that other people don't believe C) told in order to avoid offending someone D) told in order to take advantage of someone 22. Research suggests that women _______. A) are better at telling lies than men do B) generally lie far more than men C) often make promises they intend to break D) lie at parties more often than men do 138. Researchers find that when a person tells lies _____. A) his blood pressure increases measurably B) he looks very serious C) he tends to make some small changes in his behaviour D) he uses his unconscious mind 139. One reason people sometimes rub their noses when they lie is that _____. A) they wish they were somewhere else B) the nose is sensitive to physical changes caused by lying C) they want to cover their mouths D) they are trying to stop themselves from telling lies 140. Which of the following may best betray a liar?
explanation of this may be that lying causes a slight increase in blood pressure. If the nose is very sensitive to such changes and the increased pressure makes it itch. Another gesture which gives liars away is that the writer Desmond Morris in his book Man Watching calls "the mouth cover". He says there are several typical forms of this, such as covering part of the mouth with fingers, touching the upper-lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side of the mouth. Such a gesture can be understood as an unconscious attempt on the part of the liar to stop himself or herself from lying. Of course, such gestures as rubbing the nose or covering the mouth, or moving about in a chair cannot be taken as proof that the speaker is lying. They simply tend to occur more frequently in this situation. It is
A) The touching of the tip of one's nose. B) The changes of one's behaviour. C) "The mouth cover" gesture. D) The circumstances in which his lie is told. Passage 29 Friends play an important part in our 1ives, and although we may take the fact of friendship for granted, we often don't clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of peop1e, we are usual1y friends with only a very few -- for example; the average among students is about 6 per person. Moreover, a great many re1ationships come under the genera1 term "friendship". In all cases, two people like one another and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of closeness between them and the reasons for their interest in each other vary greatly. At the beginning, much depends on how people meet, and on good first impressions. As we get to know people, we consider things like age, race, looks, economic and social status, and intelligence. Although these factors are not of the greatest importance, it is more difficult to have a good relationship with people when there is a big difference in age and background. We pay attention to actual behavior, facial expression, and the way a person speaks. Friends will stand closer together and wil1 spend more time looking at each other than ordinary acquaintances. Smiles and soft
voices also express friendliness, and it is because they may give the wrong signals that shy people often have difficulty in making friends. A friendly look with the wrong facial expression can turn into an unfriend1y stare, and nervousness may be wrongly understood as unfriendliness. People who do not look one in the eye are not trusted when, in fact, they simply do not have confidence. Some relationships are a result of argument and discussion, but it is usual for close friends to have the same ideas and beliefs, the same opinions and interests -- they often talk about "being on the same wavelength". The more closely involved people become, the more they depend on one another. People want to do friends favors and hate to let them down. Equally, friends have to learn to make allowances for each other, to put up with annoying habits, and to accept differences in opinion. Imagine going on a long trip with someone you occasionally meet for a drink! In contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the relationship between two people. But the mutual support and understanding that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a close and lasting relationship, which can overcome differences in background, and break down barriers of age, class or race.
141. According to the passage, a friend is ________. A) somebody we usually take for granted B) a person with whom we often go out with
C) someone with whom we occasional1y go for a long trip D) not just anybody we get on well with 142. Which of the following factors does the author believe are very important in developing friendship? A) Age and background. B) Economic and social position. C) Race and looks. D) Same interests and behavior 143. The passage tells us that sometimes a face with the wrong expression could be mistaken as a sign of _____________. A) nervousness B) confidence C) unfriendliness D) distrust 144. By saying that "some re1ationships are a result of argument and discussion" (Line l, Para. 5 ), the author means that ________. A) bad relationships are a result of argument and discussion B) connections with people can be developed through discussion and argument C) argument and discussion can lead to improving personal re1ationships D) arguing and discussing things will sometimes result in friendship 145. We learn from the passage that _________. A) friendship can overcome differences in experience B) there are no special ceremonies to strengthen friendship
C) putting up with differences in opinion can lead to friendship D) friendship can be strengthened by smiles and soft voices Passage 30 The universities from which our own are descended were founded in the Middle Ages. They were established either by corporations of students wanting to learn, as in Italy, or by teachers wanting to teach, as in France. Corporations that had special legal or customary privileges for the purpose of carrying out the intentions of the incorporators were common in those days. The university corporations of the Middle Ages at the height of their power were not responsible to anybody, in the sense that they could not be brought to book by any authority. They claimed, and made good their claim, complete independence of all secular and religious control. The American university was, however, at first a corporation formed by a re1ig1ous denomination or by the state for the purposes of the denomination or the state. The American university in the seventeenth century was much closer to the American university today than to the medieval university. The Puritan communities needed ministers and professional men and so established universities to provide them. Later, re1igious groups built universities in order to extend their own influence. For example, the University of Chicago was founded by devout Baptists to combat the rising tide of Methodism in the Middle West. The president and the trustees of the university were required to have the proper religious
affiliations in order to keep the university on the right path. Fortunate1y, the combination of John D. Rockefeller, William Rainey Harper, and the enlightened wing of the Baptist church preserved the university from too narrow an interpretation of its purpose.
A). were former Baptists B). were enlightened Baptists C). had never been connected with the Baptist church D). were strict Baptists 150. Which of the following does the passage tell us about John D.
146. From the passage we can know that French universities in the Middle Ages were founded by _______. A). groups of teachers B). groups of students C). the state D). the Puritan communities 147. Which of the following is closest in meaning to "the rising tide" (paragraph 2) ? A). the evi1 influence B). the sudden invasion C). the rapid growth D). the extreme effect 148. The basic motive for setting up a university in a Puritan community was to _________. A).spread the religious ideas of the Puritans B). provide necessary personnel for the community C). educate the young about their religion D). prevent the spread of other religions 149. We can infer from the passage that the founders of the university of Chicago ________.
Rockefeller? A). He broadened the goals of the University of Chicago B). He was an early president of the University of Chicago C). He was a founder of the University of Chicago D). He wanted to spread the Baptist religion.
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